Marc Chagall

Mark Zakharovich Chagall was born on 6 of July, 1887, in the city of Vitebsk, the Vitebsk province of nowadays Belarus. His first teacher was Yehuda Pan from whom Chagall adopteded an idea of the national artist and his national temperament was expressed in the features of his folkish shaped system of painting.

Artistic techniques of Chagall are based on visualization of Yiddish sayings and the embodied images of Jewish folklore. Chagall brings elements of the Jewish interpretation even in the images of Christian plots ("Holy family", 1910, Chagall's Museum; "Dedication to Christ" / Golgotha/, 1912, the Museum of Modern Art, New York, "A white crucifixion", 1938, Chicago) – the principles, to which he remains faithful till the end of life.

The first paintings with the liberated Jewish characters glorifying life, Chagall exposed in 1914, at the first personal exhibition in Berlin. Hereinafter, more and more surely Chagall embedded into the pictures the Jewish folklore and cabalistic symbolics, expressing on the canvas the feeling of prayful joy of life.

His national Jewish sense of self inseparably linked with painting became the directing element of creativity for Marc Chagall. "If I was not Jew as I understand it, I would not be an artist or would be absolutely other artist", – he formulated the position in one of the essay.

During his long life the picturesque manner only slightly changed and the creative rush did not weaken for even a minute. Chagall managed to extend the experience, skill and the imagination into different spheres of art. Besides painting, Chagall was publishing poems, publicistic essays and memoirs in Yiddish throughout all his life. Some of them were translated into Hebrew, other into Belarusian, Russian, English and French languages. Also Chagall painted a ceiling for the Grand Opera in Paris.